photo top ED HIV Test Guide . org corner
HIV Testing in Emergency Departments: A Practical Guide
spacer spacer spacer


About this guide

Multiple approaches to HIV testing are being employed in hospital emergency departments (EDs) across the U.S.; however, there are limited data to inform which approaches work best in different circumstances. HRET has developed this guide for clinicians and administrators seeking to incorporate routine HIV testing in their EDs. It is a practical guide to different approaches, considerations, and resources for making HIV testing routine in ED care. It is based on our findings from site visits and interviews with leadership and staff in EDs and health departments that have done it. Use this guide to navigate program design and resource allocation decisions as well as to inform policies and operational approaches to HIV testing in your ED.

Using this guide

"Where do you want to go?" on the left-hand side presents a list of topic areas you may navigate. Select your topic and a drop down menu with additional topics will appear. You may print sections or the entire guide. Each section contains links and information on additional resources. You may see the entire list of resources by selecting Resources under "Where do you want to go?"

Not sure where to go? We provide sample menus to help you get started: Whether you are simply exploring the possibilities, actively planning, or considering expanding an existing effort, you will find useful information on this site.

We aim to maintain this guide as a dynamic resource that we will periodically update with new research and feedback from users like you.


We wish to thank our panel of reviewers for their input. We would also like to acknowledge and thank the sites who have pioneered HIV testing in the ED and have candidly and generously shared their experiences and materials for this guide. We especially thank the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, STD and TB Prevention, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention for their funding and technical support.

Project Team
Gretchen Williams Torres, MPP, Principal Investigator
Jennifer Reiter, Project Coordinator
Cynthia S. Wright, MHS, MA, Research Manager

Other Contributors

Susan G. Barrera, JD, MPP, HRET
Johanna Rosenbohm, Copy Editor
Richard Rothman, MD, PhD, Johns Hopkins University, Department of Emergency Medicine
J. Kali Stanger, University of California San Francisco, School of Medicine

Suggested Citation
Williams Torres, G., Reiter, J. Wright, C.S. HIV Testing in the Emergency Department: A Practical Guide. accessed on date.



spacer photo lg
HRET (in partnership with AHA)

This guide was made possible through a cooperative agreement between the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) and the Association for Prevention Teaching and Research (APTR), award number TS-0990;
its contents are the responsibility of HRET and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the CDC or APTR.

This website contains links to sites that are not owned or maintained by the Health Research and Educational Trust (HRET) or the American
Hospital Association (AHA). HRET and AHA are not responsible for the content of linked sites and the views expressed on non-HRET/AHA
linked sites do not necessarily reflect the views of the Health Research and Educational Trust or the American Hospital Association.