photo top ED HIV Test Guide . org corner
HIV Testing in Emergency Departments: A Practical Guide
spacer spacer spacer

Informed Consent

How to communicate about informed consent for HIV testing in the ED?

The CDC recommends that HIV testing be voluntary.  As such, no patient should be tested unless he or she has provided informed consent. The informed consent process ensures that the provider and the patient have communicated about information the patient needs to make an informed decision to undergo or to decline HIV testing.

While informed consent is a key part of the testing process, it should facilitate not impede patients' acceptance of HIV testing. For this reason, the CDC recommends that HIV testing in health care settings need not be linked with other HIV teaching efforts, such as prevention counseling.  However, state and local statutes govern content and procedures for informed consent, so it is important to contact your health department for clarification on informed consent requirements.

This section addresses some elements in CDC's recommended approach to informed consent, namely opt-out testing, streamlined pretest information, and general consent forms.  It also provides some approaches to delivering pretest information to patients

<< Prev Page  |  Next Page >>


Keep Posted!
Sign up if you would like us to keep you informed regarding updates to the HIV Guide and this web site. We will not share your information with anyone.

HRET (in partnership with AHA)

This guide was made possible through a cooperative agreement between the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) and the Association for Prevention Teaching and Research (APTR), award number TS-0990;
its contents are the responsibility of HRET and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the CDC or APTR.

This website contains links to sites that are not owned or maintained by the Health Research and Educational Trust (HRET) or the American
Hospital Association (AHA). HRET and AHA are not responsible for the content of linked sites and the views expressed on non-HRET/AHA
linked sites do not necessarily reflect the views of the Health Research and Educational Trust or the American Hospital Association.